Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the world today. The World Health Organization estimates that about 171 million people are living with diabetes worldwide (WHO Fact Sheet No. 301, October 2007). In the United States alone, it is estimated that more than 23 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes.
Diabetes has become an epidemic affecting all age groups, ethnicities, socioeconomic classes, and genders. It is also becoming increasingly prevalent among children and adolescents.
Diabetes is typically diagnosed and identified by raised fasting blood glucose or hyperglycemia. The main goal of treatment and a diabetic diet plan is to maintain a balance of glucose and insulin in the body.
Aside from daily maintenance required to monitor blood glucose levels, diabetes is also associated with an array of disabilities that can lead to premature death.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that individuals at risk for developing type 2 diabetes should be screened annually to determine if they need treatment or further testing. If screening reveals prediabetes, then annual monitoring of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels is recommended.
Individuals who test positive for impaired fasting glycemia (IFG), i.e., FPG between 100-125 mg/dL, should be treated with lifestyle modification and metformin therapy.
Those who test positive for IGT, i.e., Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) between 140-199 mg/dL, should receive lifestyle intervention and metformin therapy unless their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is greater than 7%. HbA1c values above 6.5% indicate that pharmacological therapy may be necessary.
Insulin therapy is indicated for patients whose HbA1c remains above target despite intensive lifestyle modifications and metformin therapy.
The ADA recommends that all adults with diabetes should be tested for microalbuminuria every 3 years. This includes patients on oral agents, insulin, or insulin secretagogues. Patients taking thiazolidinediones should be monitored for albuminuria every 1 year.
In addition to the recommendations from the ADA, the National Kidney Foundation (NKF) recommends that all persons with diabetes mellitus undergo periodic urine tests for protein excretion. These tests include random urine samples and timed spot urine collections. The NKF guidelines recommend that these tests be performed at least once every three years.
The reason for this is the disease on structural and functional alterations to many of the body’s systems, particularly the damage it does to the large and small blood vessels of the cardiovascular system.
All people with diabetes are vulnerable to any number of long-term complications and premature death because of the effects of this disease. Complications of the macrovascular system can lead to an increased risk of coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and the increased chance of stroke.
Microvascular complications can lead to diabetic nephropathy (kidney failure) and retinopathy.
These conditions affect the blood vessels of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy will cause approximately half of all people with diabetes with type 1 diabetes to develop chronic renal failure and end-stage renal disease. Retinopathy has become the prime cause of blindness in the US.
Diabetes also affects the nervous system, which in turn can affect peripheral circulation, causing a decrease in sensations in the extremities. This loss of consciousness can result in injuries that go unnoticed and untreated. Gangrene occurs when blood flow to an injured part of the body is reduced, causing tissue death. If the injury isn’t treated quickly enough, the affected limb may need to be amputated.
Diabetes can be accompanied by various other conditions including orthostatic hypotensive syndrome, persistent tachycardias, gastroparesis (stomach paralysis), neurogenic bladders (blocked urinary tract), impotence, impaired visceral pain sensation, and angina pectoris.
Prevention and Treatments
Prevention and control of diabetes can be done by eating right. Luckily, if you are trying to minimize your danger of diabetes, you have the chance to take pleasure in taking your most wanted food in your meals.
The nutritional needs are similar to the needs of others. No particular foods or complex diets are needed. If your eating habit has been fewer than healthy, you will need to know better habits in eating.
The keys to a diabetic diet are the following; eating with moderation, observing regular mealtimes, and eating varieties of fruits, whole grains, and vegetables.
What You Must Know about Diabetes and Diet
Diabetes goes up, but most people can prevent it by making some simple lifestyle changes.
If you are anxious about diabetes, you could make some difference by taking in a healthy diet, checking your weight, and doing some exercises.
Three things to be observed in eating right because of diabetes:
- What to eat: Your diet does a big difference. Basically, all you must eat are plant foods, cut back on purified carbs and drinks that have sugar, and select healthy fats over fats that are not healthy.
- When you eat: Diet is a parcel of it, but taking regular meals and snack times also affects blood sugar levels and will aid in keeping them more stable.
- How much you have to eat: When you take healthy meals, but in excess, you will gain more weight, and it is the cause of diabetes.
You don’t need to take in special foods; instead, just emphasize vegetables, whole grains, and fruits. Diabetic diets are just healthy eating plans that are high in nutritious elements will fewer fats and calories in moderation.
Facts Regarding the Diet and Nutrition to Control Diabetes
You may enjoy your desired treats, but you have to plan properly. Be sure that the sweet treat is a portion of the healthy meal plan or with a combination of exercise. Carbohydrates, proteins, and fats compose a healthy diet.
Those three are needed for our bodies to function properly and are the key to a balanced diet.
Whole grains are good sources of fiber because they are slowly digested, which keeps the blood sugar scales more even.
Healthy eating principles are similar, whether you are trying or not to control or prevent diabetes. Expensive diabetic foods generally do not offer special benefits.
You can easily eat with your friends and family, just bear in mind to eat moderately.
Eating habits regularly are vital for diabetic patients. If you maintain meals on a regular schedule, your body is able to maintain blood sugar scales. Aspire for moderate and steady portion sizes in every meal or snack.
Some tips to remember in order to institute eating habits regularly:
- Do not miss breakfast
- Eat little meals at regular meals
- Maintain calorie intake the same
- Listen to the dictates of your body
Creating a Diabetic Diet Plan
The key to controlling the symptoms and disorders caused by diabetes is creating a diabetic diet plan.
For many people who are newly diagnosed with this insidious disease, making the necessary lifestyle changes can be severe.
Unfortunately, they have little choice if they are to manage their diabetes successfully. Those who have a sweet tooth may have the most trouble when it comes to adhering to these new changes in their life.
Fortunately, with the proper research and planning, even the most fickle of eaters will be satisfied.
The first place to start is with a registered dietitian or nutritionist who is experienced in creating diabetic diet plans. They will be able to help any diabetic find foods that will help manage their condition without losing any of the satisfaction that eating should bring.
A nutritionist will have the latest research on what diabetics should and shouldn’t eat as well as books and other materials that can help at home.
While your doctor or health care provider is a good starting point when treating diabetes, they will not have the wealth of information and knowledge that a dietitian or nutritionist has.
There are many substitutes available for the foods that the newly diagnosed diabetic can no longer enjoy. Artificial sweeteners are as common today as sugar. In fact, there are many foods made just for those with diabetes. This allows them to enjoy their favorite foods without the risk associated with rising blood sugar.
Any well-rounded diet plan for diabetes will include plenty of healthy, nutritious foods, preferably of fresh variety. On the American Diabetes Association website, you will find an extensive list of foods and recipes that are diabetic-friendly as well as healthy.
There is a multitude of websites on the internet that cater to the diabetic. And they are a valuable source of information on the disease and strategies you can use to treat and manage its effects. There are also scores of books on the subject. And with a little research, even the pickiest of diabetics can enjoy their cake and eat it too.
Considering that a healthy diet that includes low-calorie plans, exercise, multivitamins, and positive habits have always been the primary treatments for this disease, the Moments of Wonderful website will try to cater and review all possible health solutions and supplements on this website.